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VOLUME 14, NO. 4 




Now Available from the N F L C P 

This book has been created to 

"help you define the issues, to prepare in 
advance for controversial programming and 
to stay 'on target' in the heat of the moment " 

You Need this Book for Its: 

> Legal and Public Policy Articles 

> 11 Case Studies Exploring Other Communities' 
Experience with Controversial Programming 

> Extensive Resource and Contact List 

$37 members • $44 non-members 


National Federation of Local Cable Programmers 
PO Sox 27290 • Washington, DC 20038-7290 

Scheduling Software 
for Community Television 

CableCast 3.26 

Now there is easy to use 
Macintosh database software 
for community television. It 
is designed by an experienced 
Public Access manager to 
solve scheduling hassles. 

CableCclSt schedules programs. 
Using simple click commands you can 
quickly make publication schedules and 
playback logs. 

FaStSchedlile reserves production 
equipment. Set up easy calendars for 10 
cameras or a 100! It keeps track of shows 
F-astSchedule m progress and reports on producers 

Will Loew-Blosser, 3948 12th Ave South 
Minneapolis, MN 55407 (612) 824-7721 

and SFX CD's 

o o o o o o 

Compact Disc 

, s DeWolfe Music Library 
m 25 West 45th Street 

NewiYork, NY 10036 


FAX 2 1 2-382-0278 


Reach your market for job openings, jobs wanted, equipment, etc. with a CTR Classified. Member 
rates: 15C a word, 25C a bold face word. Non-Member rates: 20C a word, 30C a bold face word. 
Contact Community Television Review, 25 Commerce SW, Grand Rapids, HI 49503 


Director Position Available 
Amherst Community Television 

Amherst Community Television, a non- 
profit public access center, is about to 
launch a national search for an experi- 
enced, capable, and creative Director. 
The successful candidate must have a 
solid background in pubic access televi- 
sion, community relatbns, video produc- 
tion, and fundraising. 

ACTV has a 15 year history as an ac- 
tive access center and has recently 
moved into a completely renovated 
stateof-the-art facility. Amherst is a pro- 
gressive college town in rural western 

Please send letters of interest and re- 
sume to: Search Committee, Amherst 
Community Television, 246 College 
St., Amherst, MA 01002, 


Bill of Rights Speech Videotape 

ACLU Executive Director Ira Glasser's 
recent Bill of Rights address to the 
spring Central States Conference in 
Grand Rapids, Michigan is now available 
for purchase on videotape through GRTV, 
50 Library Plaza NE, Grand Rapids, Ml 
49503. Cost is $10 for a 1/2" dub and 
$20 for 3/4", which includes tape and 


Get Results 
with a CTR Classified! 

Reach the audience that means the 
most to you through a CTR Classified. 
See rates above. Deadline for the next is- 
sue is October 30. Publication date is 
November 20. Contact Community 
Television Review, 25 Commerce SW, 
Grand Rapids, Ml 49503-4103. 



Dirk Koning, Chair 
Rick Hayes, Information Services Chair 
Lynn Carrillo, Tom Karwin, 
Heidi Mau, Martha Schmidt 
Jim Skelly 


Martha Schmidt 


Tim Goodwin 


David Suwat 


T. Andrew Lewis, Executive Director 
Reginald Carter, Operations Manager 
Ayoka Bryant, Administrative Aide 


Andrew Blau, Chair 
Fernando Moreno, Vice Chair 
Sam Behrend, Treasurer 
Judy Crandall, Secretary 

Mary Bennin-Cardona, Ron Cooper, 
Brian Cirtman, Atif Harden, Rick Hayes, 
Karen Helmerson, |ames Horwood, 
Carl Kucharski, Julie Omelchuck, 

Kari Peterson, Paula Manley, 
Sharon Mooney, Anthony Riddle, 
Dorothy Thigpen, Mark Sindier, 
LaMonte Ward, Rika Welsh, David Vogel 

Community Television Review is published 
bi-monthly by the National Federation of Local 
Cable Programmers. Subscriptions available at 
J15 a year for six issues. Send subscriptions, 
memberships, address changes and inquiries to: 
NFLCP, PO Box 27290, Washington, D C. 20038- 
7290. Telephone (202) 393-2650. 

Address advertising inquiries to: Community 
Television Review, 25 Commerce SW, Grand 
Rapids, MM9503-41 03, 

Bulk orders for additional copies are considered 
on a case-by-case basis. Contact the national of- 
fice for rates and delivery. 
©1991 by the National Federation of Local 
Cable Programmers, Inc. Non-profit organiza- 
tions may reprint items from CTR (with excep- 
tion of materials copyrighted by others), provid- 
ing CTR is credited and the NFLCP notified of 
reprinting. All others must obtain advance writ- 
ten permission. 


An NFLCP Editorial Response Sharon tngraham 2 
Community Television News 

| Deep Dish Fall Season, Upcoming Conferences 3 

■ From the Chair, Andrew Blau 4 

■ International Update, Video Olympics 4 

■ Trainers Unite, Public Policy Update 5 

Convention Highlights 

■ From the Executive Director, T. Andrew Lewis 6 

■ Free Speech in the "90s; Myths & Realities, 

Norman Solomon 7 

■ National Alliance of Media Arts Centers, ]ulian Low 9 

■ Maria Rocha, Herb Schiller 1 

Hometown USA Video Festival 1991 The Winners 12 

About This Issue: A Reason for Celebration 

This issue of CTR originally started out to be one on community organizing, but instead has 
become one about an organized community, a group of some 800 community media ad- 
vocates who met this summer on the banks of the Willamette River in Portland, Oregon for 
the annual convention of the National Federation of Local Cable Programmers. 

The convention theme was Voices of Democracy: Celebrating the First Amendment, echoing 
our very existence as facilitators of democratic communications. It soon became apparent in 
Portland that to do justice to a conference follow-up and an issue on community organizing 
within CTR's page restraints would be to do justice to neither. And as it is, the most we can do is 
offer only a taste of those few days together in late Ju ly. 

Perhaps it was that Northwest air, the jok de vivre that some of us who live elsewhere have 
come to associate with the Northwest, the collaborations with the like-minded National 
Association of Media Arts Centers, or maybe it was the immediacy of the conference, the infor- 
mation shared, or the sense of genuine community and renewal it spawned. 

Whatever the reasons, it is a conference well worth remembering on these pages, a task made 
significantly easier by Paula Manley and her staff at Tualatin Valley Community Access in 
Beaverton, Oregon, who provided transcripts (disk and hard copy) of the Voices of Democracy 
speakers, and by CTR Sys Ops Dave Suwal, whose trusty Nikon traveled with him and whose pic- 
tures you'll see gracing this issue. 
Thanks to all! 

- Martha Schmidt - Tim Goodwin 

Editor-in-Chief Managing Editor 

CTR September/October 1991 T 

An NFLCP Editorial Response 

Sharon B. Ingraham 

Past Chairperson, NFLCP 

The following editorial was requested by Multichannel News in June. 
It was written in response to a recent report on Hate Programming on 
Cable issued by the Anti-Defamation league ofB'nai B'rith. 

Localism, diversity and freedom of expression are the foundation of 
this nation's communications policy. For thousands of Americans, the 
opportunities afforded by Public, Educational and Government (P-E- 
G) Access have directly and personally extended these principles to 
television, the most powerful communications medium of our time. 

The National Federation of Local Cable Programmers (NFLCP) was 
founded in 1976 to promote the development of local programming 
on cable television. Community groups and individuals from 2,000 
communities now produce over 15,000 hours of programming each 
week. In many communities, P-E-G access programming exceeds the 
locally produced output of all broadcast TV programming combined. 
P-E-G programming community television in the truest sense, ranges 
from the coverage of local government and school boards, to the ser- 
vice of specific constituencies such as seniors, children, minorities 
and the handicapped. 

Along with the thousands of hours of positive, community-oriented 
programming has come the small, but distinct, voice of hate. In spite 
of the fact that this programming constitutes significantly less than 1 
percent of total access programming, it receives a great deal of atten- 
tion. In its recent report on hate programming and access channels, 
the Anti-Defamation League ofB'nai B'rith catalogues the number of 
cities in which hate programming has appeared. While controversial 
programs undoubtedly cause anxiety and bring out fear, few pro- 
grams have been found to violate the law. The politics of hate, 
whether used by members of extremist groups or by our own politi- 
cians during election time are reprehensible, but not illegal. If and 
when hate programming crosses the line between ideas and actions, 
and it rarely does, law enforcement authorities can and should take 
action where laws have been broken. 

The ALU lists several potential responses to hate programming. Two 
are employed successfully by communities facing controversial pro- 
gramming, including counterprogramming and local representation 
for all programs. NFLCP has found that in communities where educa- 
tion, discussion and humanistic programs are implemented-a re- 
sponse to hate, the voices of prejudice are reduced to being simply 
one of may. The values which most of us share become the real focus 
of discussion. In fact, many of the communities listed in the ADL re- 
port have successfully faced hate programming, without censorship 
and without limiting their valuable public access channels. 

Other responses must be approached with caution, such as frequen- 
cy of appearance, time of day and excluding all programming pro- 
duced outside of the community. In a First Amendment forum, one 
must be careful to write content-neutral scheduling rules and an ac- 
cess center faces legal risks when it discriminates on the basis of con- 
tent. The ADL accurately points out that bans on programming pro- 
duced outside the community deprive local subscribers from hun- 
dre ds of programs that they may feel are of interest to the community. 

NFLCP vigorously opposes the suggestion that cable operators ac- 
tively pursue "community access" when negotiating with municipali- 
ties. Community access has no legal definition. Although ADL states 
that it would allow operators to refuse controversial shows, who will 
define controversial? Who will ensure that diverse segments of the 
community are trained to produce and receive channel time? NFLCP 
has learned from practical experience that hate programs would be 
only one of many programs that would disappear from community 
channels. Once a public access channel has been created, eliminating 
it provides the grounds for serious legal challenges by the public. 

In contrast, in its 1988 study entitled Bigotry and Cable TV, the 
National Institute Against Prejudice and Violence concluded that pub- 
lic access must be preserved as a First Amendment tool to fight hate 
and prejudice. Similarly, at a 1988 forum co- sponsored by NFLCP and 
the American Jewish Committee, participants reinforced the impor- 
tance of the First Amendment. 

The NFLCP, the ADL, the National Institute Against Prejudice and 
Violence all provide excellent tools and resources for communities to 
use when dealing with controversial programming. These tools are 
important to use not only when controversial programming appears 
on the channel, but before any such occurrence so that citizen, gov- 
ernment and operators alike are well informed and less likely to fear 
the impact of such programming. In July, NFLCP will be releasing its 
new handbook "Controversial Programming: A Guide for Public, 
Education and Government Access Television Advocates". (See back 

As localism and diversity are left behind by most of the American 
television media, one of the few places left for free and open expres- 
sion by a diversity of voices is P E G access. Even PBS channels are 
questioning whether or not to continue local production. 

When Congress passed the Cable Act in 1984, it explicitly protected 
PEG channels from editorial control by cable operators. Just last year, 
Congress praised the achievements of P-E-G access in the report ac- 
companying cable legislation. The House Telecommunications 
Subcommittee stated: 

The Committee believes that P-E-G access programming is an 
important complement to local, commercial and noncommer- 
cial broadcasting to ensure that the government's compellingin- 
terest in fostering diversity and localism, providing educational 
and informational programming and promoting the underlying 
values of the First Amendment, are advanced by cable television. 
It has been demonstrated that where P-E-G channels exist, these 
interests have been well served. 

The Senate Subcommittee on Communications found that: 

Leased access and public access programming uniquely allow 
individuals and groups to communicate their messages to the 
general public. Educational access allows local schools to sup- 
plement classroom learning and to reach out to teach those who 
are beyond school age or unable to attend classes. The govern- 
mental channel allows for "mlni-C-SPAN", thus contributing to 
an informed electorate, essential to the proper functioning of 
government. These governmental interests in a free market of 
ideas and an informed and well educated citizenry certainly 
qualify as sufficiently important to pass the first hurdle of the 
O'Brien incidental burden test. 
In his book Free Speech and Its Relation to Self-Government, author 
Alexander Meiklejohn quotes Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis: 
To courageous self-reliant men, with confidence in the power 
of free and fearless reasoning applied through the process of 
popular government, no danger flowing from speech can be 
deemed clear and present, unless the incidence of the evil ap- 
prehended is so imminent that it may befall before there is op- 
portunity for free discussion. If there be time to expose through 
discussion the falsehood and fallacies, to avert the evil by the 
processes of education, the remedy to be applied is more 
speech, not enforced silence. 
The problem in our society is not the free and open forum which 
public access channels provide, the problem is prejudice. We must 
use the access channels as a means of fighting hate and educating our 
communities about the consequences of hate. How sad it would be if 
voices of a few silence the voices of many. 

Sharon B. Ingraham is the immediate Past Chairperson of the 
National Federation of Local Cable Programmers. She is also Managing 
Partner of Brewster Ingraham Consulting Group in Acton, 
Massachusetts, 508-897-3937. 

2 September/October 1991 CTR 

Deep Dish Celebrates 
20 Years of Community TV 

Deep Dish TV announces its 1991 FALL SEA- 
SON, a video celebration of the 20th 
Anniversary of public access and community 
television. Beginning October 1 and continu- 
ing through December 19, Deep Dish TV will 
transmit via satellite a selection of the best 
grassroots community uses of public access 
from across the country. 

Offered this Fall through Deep Dish TV are: 

Special Live Presentations 

On October 31st (9-llpm ET) Deep Dish TV 
presents Slow Death in the Cities, a town hall 
meeting on urban environmental issues. 
Representatives from environmental organiza- 
tions, the science community, the EPA, 
Congress, urban planners and members of in- 
dustry discuss deregulation and more. Radio 
simulcast on community stations across the 
country by Pacifica Radio. Viewers and listen- 
ers are invited to Call-in using a toll-free number. 

War Toys Teach In. Join the War Resisters 
League, teachers, parents and children in a 
teach-in on the campaign to stop war toys. 
Includes alternatives to toy weaponry and the 
typical warfare of Saturday morning TV. 
Transmitted Live on November 12 from 
Cambridge Community Win Massachusetts. 

We Interrupt This Schedule to Bring You... 
A live performance produced for A Day 
Without Art, a national day of action and 
mourning coinciding with World AIDS Day. 
Transmitted LIVE on Sunday December 1, 

Paper Tiger Anniversary Series 

To celebrate its 10th myth-smashing year of 
production, Paper Tiger TV is presenting a se- 
lection of their work through the Deep Dish 
Distribution Cooperative. This ten-part series 
is being sponsored by the Wexner Center of 
Columbus OH which is concurrently hosting a 
ten year retrospective of Paper Tiger. 

The Paper Tiger series will include: 
• Operation Storm the Media 

t Herb SchiUer Reads the New York Times: 
'712 Pages of Waste" 

• Born to Be Sold: The Strange Case of Baby M 

• Renee Tajima Reads Asian Images 

in American Films 

• Unpacking Ted Koppel's Revolution 

in a Box 

A Sampler of Independent and 
Grassroots Programming. An assortment 
of work by workshop participants are featured 
in Teaching TV: Video Production in the 

Fear of Disclosure: Mujeres Latinas. 

Focuses on the impact of AIDS on Latino 
communities and the heroic response of five 
women activists. 

Idiot Box Savant. A video survey of the 
most innovative uses of access in the land. 

Unbalancing the News. Citizen video ac- 
tivists challenge the mainstream news and re- 
define the "news" as a practical means for so- 
cial critique, resistance, and democratic par- 

Satellite Transmission Schedule 

Except for Slow Death in the Cities and We 
Interrupt This Schedule To Bring You..., all 
transmissions are on Satcom 4, transponder 
22. Beginning October 1 through December 
19, transmissions are scheduled on Tuesdays 
from 6-7 pm ET and Thursdays from 2-3 pm 
ET. Programs are free of charge to access cen- 
ters and home dish owners. 

PAPER TIGER TV, the media collective that 
founded Deep Dish TV, is a pioneer in the cre- 
ation and evolution of media criticism and 
analysis. DEEP DISH TV, the first grassroots 
satellite network, is a recognized leader in the 
movement for independent 
democratic television in vfTCf 'fjA 
the United States. A*&2fl| 

Deep Dish TV can be ft | f ^^^/f 
reached at 339 |iK ujK 
Lafayette St., New York, xjaal^ttfl* 
NY 10012. Phone 
(212) 473-8933, fax [212) L-| 

Local Programming 
Sought Nationwide 

Looking for a larger audience for your access 
center's local programming? Have some pro- 
gramming ideas you want to share? Several re- 
quests for tapes have come in to the CTR of- 
fices recently. 

■ Bethel Park (PA) Public Access is looking 
for alternative programming for their channel 
to highlight what other centers are doing and 
share program ideas with volunteers. 
Submissions should be on 3/4" with mixed 
audio only on channel 2, with channel 1 silent. 
Tapes returned. 

Contact Bryan Rudolph, Bethel Park Public 
Access Television, 5100 W. Library Ave., Bethel 
Park, PA 15102, or phone (412) 831-3304. 

■ The Public Affairs Office at the Naval Air 
Station in Point Mugu, CA is looking for tapes 
about cities and towns across the nation for 
replay on their closed-circuit television system 
on base for the sailors and marines stationed 
there. The base uses VHS, but will accept any 
format. Returned if requested. 

Contact Ray Lucasey, Public Affairs Office, 
Code 6003, Naval Air Station, Point Mugu, CA 
93042-5000, or call (805) 989-1732. 

■ Deep Dish TV is seeking proposals and 
tapes for its 1992 season, which marks the 
500th anniversary of Columbus' arrival in the 
Americas. Indigenous organizations have put 
out a call to counteract these celebrations with 
activities that commemorate 500 years of in- 
digenous resistance to European invasion and 
colonization and that shed light on the con- 
temporary struggles of indigenous peoples. 

In solidarity with this call, Deep Dish TV will 
dedicate its 1992 schedule to programming 
that places the Quincentenary Celebrations in 
a critical context. Proposals for special pro- 
jects to be distributed through the Deep Dish 
Distribution Coop are also being considered. 

For contact information and a glimpse of 
their 1991 Fall Season, see story at left. 

■ Others seeking videotapes for replay on 
their channels should be aware of the 
Videotape Exchange operated by the NFLCP 
Far West Region. 

The Videotape Exchange: Community Pro- 
gramming Catalogue has some 165 listings 
available free or at low cost for local cable 
channels and other non-commercial uses. 
Cost of the catalogue is $20 for NFLCP mem- 
bers, $25 non-members, which includes 
postage and handling. Expect 4-6 weeks for 

NFLCP members should receive a brochure 
in the mail soon with details. In the meantime, 
for further information, contact Ron Cooper at 
Access Sacramento, 4623 T. St., Sacramento, 
CA 95819, or call (916) 456-8600. 

CTR September/October 1991 3 

Fall Regional Conferences, Sites and Dates 



Missoula, MT 

Sept. 27-29, 1991 

Brian Girtman (503) 245-7759 


Owensboro, KY 

Oct. 17-19, 1991 

JudyCrandall (616) 459-4788 


Greenfield, MA 

Nov. 1-3, 1991 

(NE) Rika Welsh (617) 321-6400 
(MA) Atif Harden (202) 659-6263 


Pasadena, CA 

Nov. 25-26, 1991 

(FW) Ron Cooper (916)456-8600 
(MT) Fernando Moreno (505) 243-0027 

Video Olympics 

The 1992 Video Olympics will 
be held January 6-9, 1992, in 
Beaufortain (Savoie, France). 
Over twenty countries and com- 
munity media organizations will 
participate in a worldwide con- 
ference on cultural identity and 
alternative television. Among the 
friends and representatives of 
the NFLCP attending this event 
will be George Stoney, panelist 
for the "Democratisation of 
Television" forum, and ACTV 
Cable 21 with the Wexner Center 
for Visual Arts (both of 
Columbus, OH) through a satel- 
lite link to the Beaufortain con- 
ference site. 

If you want to attend the 1992 
Video Olympics to be held this 
coming |anuary in France, and 
need travel/conference informa- 
tion, contact Olivier Pasquet, 
Coordinator, 1992 Video 
Olympics, Place de La Mairle, 
73270 Beaufort Sur Doron, 
France. Tel: (33)79 3833 90, fax 
(33)79 3816 70. 

International Update 

International Now Standing Committee 

The 1990/1991 NFLCP Annual Report docu- 
ments one of the most exciting transitions and 
events for the International Committee in the past 
few years. "International" is now a standing com- 
mittee of the NFLCP. This means that the 
International Committee will now be reflected 
through regional board committees, providing di- 
rect representation and greater opportunities for 
participation on a local level. 

Long standing objectives of the International 
Committee, such as education on the issues sur- 
rounding multi-cultural access to media and the 
promotion of diversity worldwide, may now be ef- 
fectively realized with the guidance of regional 
representation. Equally important are those objec- 
tives which enhance the exchange of information 
on the development of community television in- 
ternationally through videotapes, personal con- 
tacts and publications. NFLCP exchange projects 
may now more easily draw on and be informed by 
a variety of resources through this new network of 
regional International Committees. 

The 1991/1992 committee year will be an impor- 
tant one concerning long-term NFLCP interna- 
tional objectives and short-term administrative 
goals for the committee. It will be a time for orga- 
nizing regional committee structures in a manner 
which reflect the particular multi-cultural/multi- 
ethnic concerns of local community. 

In order to find out how you can participate, 
contact the chair of your region and make your in- 

terest known. If you are not sure who your NFLCP 
regional chair is, call the NFLCP headquarters in 
Washington, DC at (202) 393-2650. 

Community Video in Latin America 

The introduction of portable and affordable 
video technology into the marketplace has 
spawned the development of "popular" video 
movements throughout Latin America. Thousands 
of dedicated community producers are making 
important tapes which are rarely seen outside of 
the communities in which they were made. 

In an effort to promote community video in 
Latin America, a special competition and touring 
exhibition of grass roots video made by Latin 
Americans, Democracy in Communication: Latin 
America, is being sponsored by the NFLCP and or- 
ganized by Karen Ranucci of International Media 
Resources Exchange (IMRE). The NFLCP will show- 
case the selected videos from this competition at a 
prize ceremony hosted by the NFLCP International 
Committee at the 1992 annual convention. 

This special competition will gather a series of 
existing works from Central and South America. 
Those selected will be translated into English and 
made available for cablecast, at no cost, on public 
access channels. 

If you are interested in helping with the organi- 
zation and realization of this project, contact 
Karen Ranucci at IMRE, 124 Washington Place, 
New York, NY 10014 and/or call (212 j 463-0108, 
fax (212) 243-2007. 

Karen Helmerson 
International Committee Chair 

From the Chair: The Next Stage 

After four years of strong and steady leadership under some of 
the most challenging conditions an organization like ours can 
face, Sharon Ingraham has stepped down as chair of the 
NFLCP's national board. As I step up to begin my tenure as chair, I am 
indebted to that legacy (as we all are), but I am also looking for ways 
that we can build on Sharon's leadership and move the NFLCP for- 
ward to the next stage of its growth. 

I am excited to begin my work as chair under promising conditions. 
As those who joined us in Portland already know, we are coming off 
one of our most successful annual conventions ever. Attendance hit 
new heights, the workshops were well-organized and informative, 
and the special events, such as the "Living the First Amendment" 
symposium and the two "Cultural Competency" workshops, added 
extra depth. In addition, the energy created by holding our conven- 
tion in conjunction with the National Alliance of Media Arts Centers' 
conference promises new links between our two groups. Many peo- 
ple went out of their way to tell me that they felt more educated and 
rejuvenated by this year's convention than they had in years. Thanks 
are due to many who made that success possible, but especially to 
Paula Manley, the National Board's convention planning chair, and 
the extraordinary local planning committee, chaired by Julie 
Omelchuck and the "Chair's 'Right Hand,'" Debbie Luppold, and its 
subcommittee chairs: Andy Beecher (Local Planning Committee 
Newsletter); Phyllis Cole (Volunteers); Steve Jolin (Fundraising); Alex 
Quinn (Local Attendance); Rick Ray (Technical Needs); Rose Reed 

(Special Projects) and Jacqueline Schommer (Events). The efforts of 
this group and those who worked with them have set a new standard 
of which we should all be proud. 

Other convention highlights also bode well for the year ahead. 
Many were pleased to hear that the burden of debt that the NFLCP has 
carried in recent years has been erased, replaced by a positive fund 
balance. Convention attendees sent over a thousand postcards to 
their Congressional representatives to let them know about the needs 
of the PEG access community. (Public policy chair Carl Kucharskl 
tells me that a number of Congressional offices have responded, look- 
ing to learn more about P-E-G access.) And the Board is sure to be in- 
vigorated by the talents of our new Board members: Brian Gertman, 
Julie Omelchuck, Kari Peterson, Mark Sindler, Dorothy Thigpen, 
David Vogel, and LaMonte Ward. (See new Board list on page 3.) I am 
looking forward to working with all of them. 

With an executive director in place, a stable financial picture, a 
growing political profile, and a membership renewal rate now over 
70%, the NFLCP is well positioned to enter the next stage in its devel- 
opment. I will be counting on working with all NFLCP members to 
carry the best of the past into a future that we must shape to reflect 
who we are today, a growing, vibrant community, united by our com- 
mitment to community-based communication, ready to meet new 
challenges and seek new solutions as we "encourage all efforts to in- 
crease use of technology to enhance interaction among people and 
their communities." 

Andrew Blau 

4 September/October 1991 CTR 

Trainers Unite! 

Over a year ago in Washington, DC, access 
trainers got together and decided to form a 
Special Interest Group or "SIG". Trainers felt 
that if they pooled their collective training in- 
formation (handouts, training tapes, effective 
exercises, readings, methods and ideas) all 
could all benefit. With a "clearinghouse" of 
materials and names of fellow trainers, train- 
ers could empower themselves and establish 
some camaraderie. 

A committee was formed with Chuck 
Peterson as coordinator. The group's immedi- 
ate goal is to mail out a survey to their 40-plus 
members asking what they have in the way of 
training materials and what they need, in I 

Public Policy Update 

FCC Changes in Technical Standards 

The Federal Communications Commission 
released a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking- 
MN Docket No. 91-169. This will be the first 
major change to cable technical standards in 
more than 20 years. Some of the proposed 
rules may affect P-E-G Access programming, 
production and cablecasting. The proposed 
rules would: 

1) apply the same technical standards to all 
classes of conventional NTSC video channels 
(currently access channels are classified as 
Class II channels and do not have any techni- 
cal standards); 

2) not allow local franchise authorities to 
impose or enforce standards more stringent 
than theFCC's standards; 

3) eliminate channel boundary and convert- 
er stability requirements in anticipation of 
HDTV and other new technologies; 

4) initiate technical standards for color 
quality (may affect the use of 1/2" VHS, 1/2" 
Beta and 8mm video); 

5) expand proof of performance testing re- 
quirements for cable system operators to 
demonstrate compliance with the FCC stan- 

6) exempt systems serving fewer than 1000 
subscribers from the standards except that 
franchising authorities may set technical stan- 
dards for these systems which are no more 
stringent than the FCC's standards. 

At this point it is not known whether these 
proposed rules will affect access. However, the 
new color signal quality standard may prohib- 
it the use of 1/2" VHS, 1/2" Beta and 8mm 
video formats. 

The NFLCP in its Comment to the FCC will 
certainly point out this issue and request ei- 
ther clarification of the point or exemption for 
access channels. It would seem inappropriate 
for the FCC to undermine the "electronic 

hopes of avoiding re-inventing the wheel. 

For those already on the list, expect a mail- 
ing sometime soon. Plan on around $10 for 
dues as required by the NFLCP for official SIG 

If you want to be involved, you can get on 
the Training SIG list by contacting Chuck 
Peterson at GRTV, 50 Library Plaza NE, Grand 
Rapids, MI 49503, or call (616) 459-4788. 

Other active NFLCP SIGs include Educators, 
contact Kiki Vassoler, (201) 546-4107; and 
Small Access, contact Gregg Eppler-Wood, 
(802) 447-3770. 

Other groups interested in creating SIGs or 
wanting more information should contact 
Tony Lewis at the national NFLCP office, (202) 

soapbox" intent of Congress for access chan- 
nels through the use of technical standards af- 
ter 20 years of indifference to standards. 
Congress takin' the slow road 

Elsewhere in Washington, the House and 
Senate cable bills are not on "fast tracks." As of 
this writing House Bill H.R. 1303 remains in 
the Telecommunications and Finance sub- 
committee. Senate Bill S.12 passed the Senate 
Commerce Committee and awaits scheduling 
for debate. The retransmission consent provi- 
sion of S.12 has become a volatile and divisive 
issue, pitting the National Association of 
Broadcasters against the National Cable 
Television Association. You may have seen 
newspaper ads or cable bill stuffers which 
proclaim, "The TV Networks will continue to 
transmit television for free. But they want to 
tax you 20% when you watch it on cable." The 
NAB's advertising response is "The cable 
monopoly's $10 million ad campaign is rais- 
ing eyebrows. Not to mention your cable bill," 
and "Cable TV. Never have so many paid so 
much so often." 

Oh yeah, well my brother can beat up your 

Preferred Decision Appealed 

On the West Coast, Preferred Communi- 
cations, Inc. v. City of Los Angeles, (CD. Cal. 
No. CV83-5846), has been appealed. Earlier 
this year the district court completed its final 
judgement which, in part, dealt with access 

In earlier orders, the Court concluded that 
to survive a constitutional attack, access re- 
quirements had to serve a compelling govern- 
ment interest had to be narrowly tailored. On 
January 5, 1990, the Court issued an order 
finding that while access channel require- 
ments served compelling government inter- 
ests, the channel requirements imposed by 
Los Angeles were not narrowly tailored: Los 
Angeles had failed to show that it required 
eight channels -as opposed to fewer channels. 
On August 24, 1990, the Court issued an order 
addressing access equipment and facilities re- 

Editorial Themes Selected 

Themes for Community Television Review 
in the coming year were chosen at the 
Editorial Board meeting in Portland. 

CTR's November/December issue will look 
at Access and the First Amendment, followed 
in order by Access Funding; Big City Access; 
Independent Producers & Organizations; 
Long Range Planning & Emerging Technolo- 
gies; Access & Diversity; and Community 
Communication Collaborations. 

In other business, Lynn Carillo-Cruz, Heidi 
Mau and Jim Skelly were named to the CTR 
Editorial Board. They replace outgoing board 
members Fred Johnson, George Stoney and 
Randy Van Dalsen. 

quirements. In that Order the Court seemed 
to reverse itself, and say that there was no 
government interest in promoting access. 
Accordingly, the Court ruled equipment and 
facilities requirements were unconstitutional. 

The Alliance for Communications 
Democracy and the City of Los Angeles asked 
the Court to reconsider the rationale and the 
results of its August 24 decision which it 
states that "upon review of the August 24 
Order, the Court finds that the City's interest 
in P-E-G programming remains compelling." 
However, the result did not change. Because 
the channel requirement was unconstitution- 
al as drafted, it followed that the equipment 
and facilities requirements were also uncon- 
stitutional. "It is not within the constitutional 
powers of the city to impose additional regu- 
lations which further an unconstitutional re- 
quirement," the Court stated. The decision 
leaves Los Angeles free to craft more carefully 
tailored access requirements for any future 
franchising process. 

On appeal, we expect Preferred to argue 
that franchising and access requirements are 
unconstitutional per se. If the court ruled in 
favor of Preferred, the decision could affect not 
just the developing access operation in Los 
Angeles, but also access operations throughout 
the ninth circuit (which covers Arizona, 
California, Nevada, Oregon, Washington, 
Idaho, Montana, Alaska and Hawaii), because 
the decision would be binding law for every 
federal court within those states. (Emphasis 
added)... The Alliance is considering filing an 
amicus brief in the Preferred appeal. 

Access organizations in the states men- 
tioned above who are not members or sup- 
porters of the Alliance for Communications 
Democracy should contact me at (614) 224- 
2288 if they wish to support the amicus brief. 
A year from now, if the appeals court decides 
this case in favor of Preferred, access could be 
lost for millions of American citizens! 

Carl Kucharski 
Public Policy Committee Chair 

CTR September/October 1991 5 

Voices presenters at the convention 
Included Maria Rocha and Herb 
Schiller (top) and Bill Wassmuth and 
Julian Low. 

Deep Dish Covers 
the Convention 

Deep Dish TV Network will kick 
off its fall '91 season October 1 
and 3 with Voices of Democracy: 
Living the First Amendment, video 
highlights from the symposium 
given at the NFLCP and NAMAC 
conferences in July. 

Featured will be Maria Rocha, 
Herbert I. Schiller, |ulian Low and 
Bill Wassmuth, along with video 
testimonials from people 
throughout the US, sharing their 
perspectives on freedom of 
speech and democracy. 

The Deep Dish satellite feed 
will be available that Tuesday, 6 - 
7 pm ET, and Thursday, 2 - 3 pm 
ET, on Satcom 4, Transponder 22 
(F4, trs. 22). Each hour is made 
up of two half-hour programs 
that can be shown as individual 
programs or played back-to-back 
in a one hour slot. 

Editor's note: For a glimpse at 
the rest of Deep Dish's provoca- 
tive season, see story on page 3. 

From the Executive Director 

A Fitting Festival in Portland 

"Let's do this one again!" shouted an attendee 
as he departed the hotel late Saturday evening. 

The NFLCP had descended upon Portland in 
stellar form to attend its 15th anniversary National 
Convention. The reunions were delightful. The 
conversations were stimulating. The enthusiasm 
was contagious. The optimism was inspiring! 
Even before the opening plenary, compliments for 
Wednesday's pre-convention seminars could be 
heard. It clearly appeared that the 
hard work of the Board and the pa- 
tience of the membership had paid 
off- a feeling of renewed vitality and 
purpose prevailed. 

Thursday's principal events were 
devoted to the recognition of accom- 
plishment over the past year. 
Congratulations to NFLCP's Best f| 
Region and Best Chapter (Far West 
and Michigan}. The most oft repeat- 
ed praises for any single event 
seemed to go, fittingly, to the cere- 
mony honoring the work of the ulti- 
mate practitioners of our philoso- 
phy-community producers from throughout the 
nation. The Hometown USA Video Awards were 
unanimously lauded as the best yet with 
Portland's Performing Arts Center providing an el- 
egant, yet comfortable, setting. 

The "Voices of Democracy" audio visual sympo- 
sium was riveting and the presenters outstanding 
in both their messages and effect. The event was 
of significance also because it represents a re- 
newed commitment on our part and on the part of 
NAMAC to strengthen and expand our collabora- 
tion around our common goals. A similar rededi- 
cation of mutual effort is also underway with Deep 
Dish. In this period of sundry challenges to our 
First Amendment ideals, we can't not afford to 
forge such mutually beneficial alliances. 

Back to the banks of the Willamette for the 
Salmon Bake and to the First Amendment 
Birthday Bash and NAMAC screenings and party, 
one can easily surmise that we savored the occa- 
sion. It was, indeed, a festival. But it was obviously 
much more. It was a conclave of folks who meant 
serious business. 

The workshops were well attended and re- 
ceived. Many conversations 'round and about the 
facility focused upon the future of access and the 
organization -the "what" and the "how"? There 
was an almost universal sense of controlled ur- 

:<■.■;::■■■■■.. ■■ . ■■ . ■ ..■ ■ ; ■ 



gency about the issues addressed and the deliber- 
ations conducted. 

The business conducted by our Delegates and 
our Board included the election of new board 
members and officers. Welcome to Brian, David, 
Dorothy, Julie, Kari, LaMonte and Mark. 
Congratulations to Andrew and Fernando. To the 
90-91 Board, and especially to Sharon, Jewel, 
Barbara, Jack, Ann and John, thanks for your 
courageous leadership. 

On a personal note, like the many 
people who have contacted me, I 
have just descended from the "high" 
of the event. As I recall the faces and 
conversations of Portland, I am re- 
minded of the work done by Jewel, 
Sharon, Carl and so many others to 
expand the diversity, funding base 
and political stability of our organi- 
zation and cause. I remain ever- 
mindful of the work remaining to be 
done. This was my initial opportuni- 
ty to meet and talk with so many of 
those that I had been appointed to 

serve. And talk I did. While roving about the facili- 
ty at all hours (some quite odd), I never failed to 
meet with a conversation about member services, 
suggestions for future plans, funding strategies or 
local issues. It was an educational opportunity par 

I was also faced with an ethical dilemma on 
many occasions -should I absorb the voluminous 
and take full credit for the possible record atten- 
dance and overall rousing success of the 
Convention or should I come clean. I came clean, 
and feel privileged to repeat that round of thanks 
to Sharon Ingraham and Paula Manley and the 90- 
91 National Board; Julie Gmelchuck and the Local 
Planning Committee; Phyllis Cole and her army of 
volunteers; to Jean, Sonnie and Sarah at Meeting 
Points; Sue Buske; Harve Horowitz; NAMAC; to all 
of our sponsors, exhibitors and contributors; to 
Reginald and Ayoka in the National Office; and to 
each and every one of the Regions, producers, 
members and attendees. 

Finally, to that enthusiastic conventioneer de- 
siring a repeat, we must not do that. What we will 
do, however, is prepare for an even more success- 
ful meeting in St. Paul, Minnestoa next year. In the 
meantime, enjoy the reminiscences in this issue. 

T. Andrew Lewis 
Executive Director 

While it's impossible to condense a five-day convention in the few pages here, we hope we can leave you 
with at least a timely taste of some of the things that transpired this summer in Portland. On the following 
pages, we've managed to present excerpts of some, though regrettably not all, of the presenters' remarks at the 
Yokes of Democracy Symposium, and pho tos and snorts of some of the even ts that occurred 

6 September/October 1991 CTR 

Free Speech in the '90s; 
Myths and Realities... 

Norman Solomon 

Author and Journalist 

Journalist Norman Solomon is co-author of the 
critically acclaimed book, Unreliable Sources: A 
Guide to Detecting Bias in News Media, which has 
been hailed as "an essentially took for fighting cor- 
porate domination of the media." 

For more than a decade, Solomon's articles about 
the news media, nuclear weapons, and U.S.-Soviet 
relations have appeared in dozens of major newspa- 
pers and magazines. During eight visits to Moscow 
during the Gorbachev era, Solomon reported for 
Pacifica Radio National News. In 1988 he was the 
Washington representative for the media watchdog 
organization Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting 

Presented during the National Federation of Local 
Cable Programmers/National Alliance of Media 
Artists Symposium in Portland, OR, July 27, 1991 

One of the demon- 
strations that got 
very little coverage 
during the recent war on 
Iraq happened in New 
York when 1,200 people 
marched between the var- 
ious headquarters of the 
television networks. I 
imagine there are a few of those people here today. 
At one of the stops along the trail, a few people 
took it upon themselves to burn a television set and 
I understand that incident has given Jesse Helms 
an idea for a new constitutional amendment. 
Something about solid state. I don't know. 

For all kinds of atrocities to become possible, as 
people in Iraq have learned all too well and contin- 
ue to learn as they die today from the longer term 
results of the US bombing, when language is de- 
stroyed, all kinds of misdeeds and cruelties become 
not only possible but widely accepted. And we 
might call the abuse of words, the destructions of 
words as an instrument of meaning, we might call 
it "linguicide" and we are awash, we are in danger 
of drowning in linguicide. Us and the trees and the 
valleys and the other species. And when our mass 
media tell us that the Saudi government is a mod- 
erate government, that would come as a surprise to 
the hundreds of tortured victims inside Saudi pris- 
ons who are there for their political beliefs. An in- 
teresting experience: to be tortured by moderates. 

At the rate things are going we will be told that 
the moderate position will be to propose a com- 
promise on certain First Amendment issues. 
Modify it just a little bit like "Congress shall not 
make a lot of laws, etc." and then maybe we could 
have a new name to the lead off of the Bill of 
Rights, we could call it "The First Half Amend- 
ment." Now in that case and in that kind of pro- 
gression, the psychology of framing in the United 

States news media, the tempest in the teapots, the 
debates within narrow assumptions that dominate 
the tubes and the printed press. Radicals would be 
those who advocate seven-eighth's of a First 
Amendment. That would have a certain ring to it.... 

When we have this kind of environment in which 
we work, we have degraded standards, and I think 
some of the most pernicious news media today in 
this country are so called non-commercial broad- 
casts. You know the operative euphemism is "un- 
derwriters." We used to just call them sponsors. 
And in speaking of degraded standards, I think we 
have to keep in mind that only in that kind of envi- 
ronment could we treasure a news channel such as 
National Public Radio and American Public Radio, 
and public broadcasting, particularly in the daily 
news coverage. When you have a situation where, 
All Things Considered, a Morning Edition and the 
MacNeil Lehrer News Hour had the pom-poms out 
to cheerlead this war, the mask fell and we saw 
some of the underlying roles involved. 

Sometimes I'm asked "Who do you think is bet- 
ter: Peter Jennings or Tom Brokaw or Dan Rather 
or Robert MacNeil or Jim Lehrer?" and I say, 
"Well, what do you think's better? Camels or 
Winstons or Salems?" There's a difference, differ- 
ence in taste, difference in style, There might even 
be a difference in the deadliness, the nicotine quo- 
tient. But let's not fool ourselves about the under- 
lying function. The great philosopher Marx, and I 
can't remember if it was Karl or Groucho, said that 
the history of humanity is the history of conscious- 
ness. And that's part of our dilemma today be- 
cause on the one hand the real challenge and real 
opportunity for us is the leap of consciousness, in- 
dividual and collective, at the same time we can't 
afford to nurture the consciousness change. 

The marketplace of ideas concept is based on 
one dollar, one vote. And the people, people who 
are not wealthy, those who do not have their hands 
and their elbows on the levers of power, they will 
always lose those kinds of votes. We know what we 
have is not so much free speech as very expensive 
speech. We see all too well what can happen when 
the First Amendment remains on the books while 
it is being gutted in practice. Walter Lippman said 
a long time ago, as he put it, "The freedom to speak 
can never be maintained merely by objecting to in- 
ference with the liberty of the press, of printing, of 
broadcasting, of the screen. It can be maintained 
only by promoting debate." 

I think A. J. Leibling got a lot closer to the truth 
when he said that freedom of the press is guaran- 
teed only to those who own one. And we know 
that's true about freedom of transmitters as well, 
and cable systems. I don't need to detail to this au- 
dience the attack on public access television in this 
country. I've been talking to people in Phoenix and 
New York and right here in Portland where those 
corporations, large and small, and we know they 
are usually very large, that made the promises in 
the 1970s and the early and mid-1980s when they 
wanted to get their franchises and cut their deals 
with governments, they are now trying to renege 

Materials Available 

Audio Cassettes 

Miss a key session? Want to 
share one with others? Audio 
tapes from most of the pre-con- 
vention and convention sessions 
are available from North Pacific 
Recording, Inc. 

Individual tapes run from SS to 
18 depending on the number or- 
dered, plus shipping charges of 
$1 per tape (J2 minimum and 
115 maximum shipping). Stor- 
age albums are included with 
four or more tapes, or available 
for purchase. 

For more information, contact 
North Pacific Recording, Inc. at 
PO Box 451, Fairview, OR 97024- 
0451, or call (503) 661-6819. 

Vision Papers 

The four vision papers present- 
ed at the 1991 convention will 
be available soon from the 
Alliance for Communications 

Vision Paper presenters includ- 
ed Andrew Blau, Connecting the 
Disconnected; Dee Dee Halleck, 
History & Vigilance in the Age of 
the Camcorder; Dirk Koning, 
Socialized Media; and Tom 
Karwin, Examining the Dimens- 
ions of Public Access. 

To find out more, contact the 
national NFLCP office. 

Convention T- Shirts 

The good news for those who 
missed them, is that they've 
been reprinted. 

The stylish 3-color shirts, with 
the logo on this issue's cover, are 
available for $15 each, which in- 
cludes shipping and handling. 
Available in gray or black, sizes 
range from small to XX- large. 

To get yours, send check to 
NFLCP, POB 27290, Washington, 
DC 20038-7290. Deadline Octo- 
ber 31. No late orders accepted. 
The T-shirts will be shipped the 
second week of November, in 
plenty of time for Holiday gift 

CTR September/October 1991 7 

George Stoney (left) congratulates 
Dee Dee Halleck, this year's recipient 
of the George Stoney Award for Hu- 
manistic Communication. 

Awards 1991 

One of the highlights of the 
NFLCP convention is the Comm- 
unity Communications Awards 
recognizing excellence in com- 
munity television by individuals 
and organizations. The 1991 con- 
vention continued the tradition. 

Awards and their recipients for 
1991 are: 

Public Access. Tucson Comm- 
unity Cable Corporation. 

Institutional Access. Channel 
35, The Phoenix Channel. 

Best Region. Far West 

Best Chapter. Michigan. 

Buske Leadership. Gerry Field, 
Somerville, MA. 

George Stoney Award for 
Humanistic Communication. 
Dee Dee Halleck. 

The 1991 convention intro- 
duced the Gilbertson Honor Roll, 
to recognize the significant con- 
tributions of local advocates of 
community television. Named for 
the late Knoxville, Tennessee ac- 
tivist Peggy Gilbertson, the 
Honor Roll will announce its first 
inductees at next year's confer- 
ence. Look for application forms 
in the spring. 

and this is a battle that we know has to be fought if 
public access is going to be increased rather than 

I think that the attack on cable access needs to 
be put in the broader context of an attack on ac- 
cess to mass communication. After the Gulf War in 
early May, the top Washington editors of 15 of the 
largest and most powerful news media in this 
country sent a letter to Defense Secretary Dick 
Cheney, and of course there's a great linguicide 
word for you, "Defense Secretary," and they be- 
moaned and released to the press a letter in which 
they said that the Pentagon had imposed repre- 
hensible restrictions on the media during the Gulf 
War which made it very difficult for them to do a 
good job of journalism. As that letter was released I 
had to think about how slick these institutions are, 
to learn how to scapegoat the military industrial 
complex for self censorship by another part of the 
military industrial complex, or what has now been 
called more and more the military industrial media 
complex. Sure, the Pentagon restrictions were out- 
rageous-more extreme than those imposed during 
World War II. But they were great scapegoats, they 
were great lightning rods to draw attention away 
from the rigorous self-censorship that was im- 
posed by the news media, from the commercial 
networks to PBS to NPR. And when we look at the 
self-censorship it's clear that no Pentagon regula- 
tion forced the media to refer to the missiles that 
were fired on urban areas of Iraq, Basra, Baghdad 
and elsewhere, no Pentagon directives forced the 
media to refer to those missiles as "technological 
marvels" while they referred to the relatively few 
scud missiles that landed in Israel as "weapons of 
terror." If a missile goes to an urban area it doesn't 
have an ideology, it's a weapon of terror or it's a 
technological marvel, but it can't be both. 

When the media watchgroup FAIR conducted a 
study of die first two weeks of the war coverage on 
the networks, the three commercial networks in 
the evening broadcasts, they found that there were 
878 sources used in commenting on the war. 
Sound bites and so forth. Out of those 878, a total 
of one was a leader of a national peace group in 
this country. We have a great myth that a free 
press, a free media, equals a privately owned press, 
a privately owned media. It's a very useful myth 
that serves useful purposes. We saw many generals 
on television during the war but the most impor- 
tant general was General Electric -without dis- 
claimers from Tom Brokaw to acknowledge those 
who signed his paycheck made money every time a 
missiles was fired, every time civilians were incin- 
erated. That would be too much full disclosure. 

I think GE has an appropriate symbol as the own- 
ers of NBC which they acquired by obtaining RCA. 
Remember the old RCA Victor labels on the records 
with the dog with his ear cocked to the sounds of 
the Vktrola and underneath his master's voice. We 
know that the news media are supposed to serve as 
watchdogs for the powers that be. We know that 
they function much more as lap dogs. And we get 
confused sometimes because there seems to be a 

bit of debate, that debate I think, often could be 
described as running along the lines of what we 
saw on the MacNeil Lehrer News Hour two weeks 
into the war. Jim Lehrer said, "And now we're go- 
ing to hear a wide ranging discussion" and I 
thought, "Finally. It's been two weeks in the war" 
and then he finished his sentence, "about when to 
start the ground war." Welcome to open debate 
brought to you by, in that case, AT&T and Pepsico. 

If we're going to deal with the essence of media 
criticism rather than the false issues that are put 
forward by the mass media themselves, I think we 
need to ask the time honored question, "Who ben- 
efits? Who profits?" We can talk about GE and NBC 
and the fact that in 1989 they cleared almost two 
million dollars in Pentagon contracts for weapon 
systems used in the Gulf war. We can rattle off the 
alphabet soup of the weapon systems that they 
helped produce: F16, F14, F17, F5, etc. etc. 

But what about the other networks. One of them 
is controlled by Lawrence Tisch, tobacco tycoon. 
ABC has as it's Chair of Cap Cities ABC someone 
who's on the board of Texaco. You can trust your 
war coverage to the man who wears the star, I 
guess. CBS Board includes directors from Honey- 
well and the Rand Corporation and so people in 
glass penthouses can't throw stones at NBC. 
Running the gamut from A to B is such that when 
we look at the international affairs coverage on the 
MacNeil Lehrer News Hour we get an interesting 
picture. And this is generic to all of the major 
broadcast media what has been called the 
Kissinger-Haig disease, the rotation, the wheel of 
guests, the Rolodex syndrome, but when the FAIR 
organization (Fairness and Accuracy In Reporting) 
commissioned a major study by sociologists at 
Boston College of the MacNeil Lehrer News Hour, 
they looked for six straight months at every night's 
programming, and I use the word programming in 
more than a singular sense, and they found that 
the United States guests on the MacNeil Lehrer 
News Hour discussing international affairs were 
94% white, 94% male and fully 67% present or for- 
mer United States government officials. How's that 
for separation between press and state? And what 
are some of the messages of these statistics? Six 
seats out of 100 for women, six seats out of 100 for 
people of color. The message is that it's a white 
man's world out there, or at least should be. 

One of the main problems with our mass media, 
I think, could be described as "white noise." White 
noise in a dual sense. It's constant, it might be 
loud, very little variation and one of it's effects is to 
make it very difficult to get a word in edgewise 
from other sources. And, of course, there's a sec- 
ond sense in which it's white noise. It's generated 
overwhelmingly by Caucasians and it brings to 
mind the statement shortly before he was mur- 
dered by Martin Luther King when he spoke about 
"the reality, the western arrogance of feeling that it 
has everything to teach and nothing to learn" man- 
ifested for us day after day. The First Amendment's 
being almost drowned out by corporate sponsored 
white noise. And whether you look at the MacNeil 

8 September/October 1991 CTR 

Lehrer News Hour with AT&T and Texaco or you 
look at Washington Week & Review, which I think 
should be renamed White Washington Week & 
Review sponsored by Ford and Ford Aerospace, we 
find that the most powerful ostensibly non-com- 
mercial news media serve a very important func- 
tion, particularly because they are targeted at cer- 
tain demographics in this democracy that we live 
in, certain demographics that are seen as key to 
the opinion shapers and molders. Yes, we do have 
the best news media that money can buy and one 
of the great frauds of this year has been the politi- 
cal correctness issue. 

We've heard alot about sensible PC totalitarians 
running around campuses and yet we hear almost 
nothing about the truth of PC enforcement in this 
country. The true PC enforcers are not on the cam- 
puses. The true PC enforcers are in the executive 
suites of places like CBS and ABC and NBC and the 
New York Times and the Washington Post. Those 
are the PC enforcers. A single column in Newsweek 
by George Will used the word "radicals" five times 
to describe the PC problem. And if there's ever a 
code word for political correctness in the U.S. news 
media it's the word "radicals." This is the kind of 
typical corporate sponsored whiplash that we get. 
The more that these pundits flog the PC horse the 
more their own hysteria and intolerance for gain- 
ing momentum, they limit increasingly public dis- 
course. In 1991 a litmus test for political correct- 
ness, you might say a prerequisite for season tick- 
ets to sit around the mass media punditry table, 
the litmus test is demonstrated and reliable silence 
about matters that the real PC enforcers don't want 
addressed. Radicals need not apply. It's as though 
they are persona non grata in a corporate spon- 
sored game, an immense and rigged game of 
Jeopardy, with a capital J or a capitalism J, with 
prepared answers that won't lead to crucial ques- 
tions such as who controls what and how and for 
what purpose in our society. 

We see a lot of talking heads on network televi- 
sion. We are allowed to see very few talking hearts, 
especially those which are filled with anger. First 
Amendment right? 

Corporate America is standing on our windpipes 
and inviting us to speak metaphorically and literal- 
ly, corporations like Phillip Morris invites you to 
breathe deep and speak out. The news media and 
the mass media that they are woven into, and I like 
Paul Crastner's comment, you know he spoke 
about that fact that there's not only infotainment 
but now there disinfotainment. The news media 
encourage us to be passive about just about every- 
thing except going out and buying things and 
amidst all of the talking heads and the sound bites 
and the white noise to directly acknowledge and 
communicate and express our concerns inclusive 
of our anger, and to talk about how we can re- 
spond assertively and collectively. This is beyond 
the pale of reasonable discussion as defined by the 
mass media because it might disrupt the numbing 
process. What Robert J. Lifton has called psychic 
numbing, this Is routine. I think of it as anesthesia 

without surgery and it's constant and necessary 
and that psychic numbing is as requisite a materi- 
al for going to war as the Pentagon's bombers and 
tanks and missiles. 

For us to feel is to challenge the corporate state 
particularly if we express the feelings and act upon 
them. We are constantly encouraged to ask for 
whom the bell tolls and this is not the question 
that we need. Journalists are told that the profes- 
sion should afflict the comfortable and comfort 
the afflicted. But as in so many other respects the 
news media are terrific at inversion and what we 
have in this country is a mass media system that 
does much more to afflict the already afflicted and 
comfort the already comfortable. 

The recent film documentary "Tongues Untied" 
laid bare more of what we're dealing with. It is not 
considered obscene in this country to portray the 
massacres of hundreds of thousands of people as 
computerized, graphic blips on the screen. That is 
not considered improper for viewing. But when a 
filmmaker with great courage talks about his own 
experiences in this country, a black, gay man who 
uses his talents to illuminate experience which is 
suppressed from the public arena, many PBS affili- 
ates said no thank you. We prefer white noise. 

One of the ways I think we can start to fight back 
in unexplored directions is to stop paying to be 
propagandized. There might be some kind of sim- 
ilarities to a 12 step process. When we're about to 
reach for the pen to write that check to the local 
PBS affiliate and the local NPR affiliate we need to 
stop and ask ourselves, "What have they been do- 
ing?" If they are so eager for tongues to remain 
tied then maybe we are not eager any longer to 
help them tie those tongues. There are plenty of 
other things we can do with the money and one 
suggestion I'd like to make is that there can be 
non-profit community boards set up across this 
country to oversee escrow accounts with bench- 
mark standards that the local PBS and NPR affili- 
ates need to meet or they're not going to get a 
dime. And in that process we could have those 
community boards consider applications from in- 
dependent radio and TV and video producers and 
dispense the money to begin to subsidize some of 
the solutions instead of more of the problems. 

There are powerful forces in our society that we 
encounter all the time that sometimes are able 
very astutely to hide their true identities even as 
they increase their own clout and power. Very 
powerful forces that want not only to tie some 
tongues but to re-tie others. Back to the closet, 
back to the pedestal, back to the kitchen, back to 
our silences but we know, we know from first 
hand experience in households, in working groups 
that abuses are not stopped by silence. They are 
stopped by breaking the silence. The First 
Amendment that is not a dead letter would be a 
grave threat to those who want to impose and re- 
impose those silences. 

It's true in a household, it's true in a country 
and the news media have been very good in the 
United States at encouraging us and teaching and 


The National Alliance of Media 
Arts Centers's annual conference, 
Burning Issues: Cultural Diver- 
sity, Funding, and Freedom of 
Expression, was held July 26-28, 
1991 in Portland, Oregon. Held 
simultaneously with the NFLCP, it 
was, hopefully, just the begin- 
ning of a long relationship with 
the NFLCP. Aside from the work- 
shop and symposium sponsored 
jointly by NAMAC and the NFLCP, 
it was exciting to have NFLCP 
members participate in many of 
our discussions. These face-to- 
face opportunities generated 
many ideas of the sharing of re- 
sources and future collabora- 

NAMAC's conference, which 
was more of a membership con- 
vocation, comes at a very impor- 
tant time for the organization. At 
the beginning of July, NAMAC 
opened up a national office and 
now has, for the first time since 
1983, permanent staff. As NA- 
MAC now moves into a different 
gear, the dialogue between staff 
and board and members is vital 
to the formation of short-and 
long-term goals for the organiza- 
tion and for the field. The confer- 
ence was structured to allow as 
much dialogue about these fu- 
ture goals as possible. What is 
high priority is the educating of 
funders about the media arts. 
Despite advances over the past 5- 
7 years, funders are still wary of 
media arts proposals. 

We also need to organize NA- 
MAC members to be an effective 
political force. As Dee Davis of 
Appalshop pointed out at our 
keynote luncheon, we need to 
stop taking a defensive stance to- 
wards the Donald Wildmons of 
the world and begin to set our 
agenda for discussions on the 
arts. Alliances with other organi 
zations, such as the NFLCP, will 
be critical towards this. 

For more information about 
NAMAC, call (415) 451-2717. 

lulian Low 
National Director, 
National Alliance of 
Media Arts Centers 

CTR September/October 1991 9 

„ , ■.*'„„„„„„„■, 

NFLCP folk dashed off a thousand 
postcards about pending federal leg- 
islation to their senators and repre- 
sentatives in a pre-luncheon flurry 
of writing at the convention. 

Volgy Loses 
Close Race 

Community television advo- 
cates almost had one of their 
own in position to be elected to 

Tom Volgy, mayor of Tucson 
and staunch supporter of com- 
munity television, came within a 
1,000 votes of winning the 
August 13 Democratic Primary in 
Arizona, despite being signifi- 
cantly outspent. 

NFLCP members contributed al- 
most $2,000 to his campaign, a 
fair amount of which was donat- 
ed by those at the convention. 

'91 Convention 

Along with glowing reports 
from attendees, the numbers 
also spoke well of the 1991 
NFLCP convention in Portland, 

Voices of Democracy: Celebrating 
the First Amendment attracted 
some 800 community television 
advocates as registrants, and pre- 
conference workshop registrants 
numbered more than 200. 

Convention logistics were han- 
dled by Meeting Points of 

Thank you all! 

re-teaching us to accept their lies, to leam to lie to 
each other and most seriously, even to lie to our- 
selves about the nature of our own society. I think 
our challenges include basic transformation of 
communication systems that could describe as 
both functional and dysfunctional. They're func- 
tional for those who put first the bottom 
line-those who pursue the corporate profits. 

So let's not pretend that this is a totally dysfunc- 
tional system. It's not. But in human terms this is 
an extremely dysfunctional system and the news 
media are a big part of it. I think we have an op- 
portunity to say, and this is such an inspiring 
gathering; we're all going be home around the 
country doing what we know we need to do. I 
think in the final analysis I can't think of anything 
better to conclude with than to say that it's your 
life, it's your First Amendment. Do with them 
what you will and as a labor organizer said a long 
time ago, "Mourn the dead and fight like hell for 
the living." ■ 

Maria Rocha 

Maria Rocha is an organker and a hell raiser in 
the very highest sense of the term. She has a long 
history of involvement in the Latino community. 
She is now president of the American Federation of 
State, County and Municipal Employees AFL-CIO 
in Austin, Texas. In her own union she has used 
public access television as a powerful tool for edu- 
cating, for organizing and for energizing others. 

I have come here all the way from Austin, Texas, 
all the way from the trenches where I fight every 
day for the rights of working people. I've come all 
the way to Portland, Oregon to meet all of you, to 
talk to you and to make a plea to you. 

First, let me give you a little background. Four 
years ago, when 1 became President of AFSCME 
Local 1624, we were a totally dysfunctional organi- 
zation. We had staff problems, financial problems, 
and image problems, of course, that go along with 
that. We weren't respected, workers had no ser- 
vice and it was a dreadful time for the workers of 
the city. But now, four years later, we are one of 
the most powerful political entities in that city. 

Without going into all the details, the single 
most important, most critical element in what we 
accomplished was public access television, mu- 
nicipal access television. It was critical and essen- 
tial. It brought us the presence and the credibility 
that we needed. We were on TV. We were credible. 

And most important, we were able to organize 
our members. We were able to organize new 
members, because all of a sudden, city and county 
workers were saying, "That union, it's strong, it's 
making a difference. It's making things happen. 
We need to be a part of that, we need to join and 
talk and make things happen. 

I came to this wonderful resource through peo- 
ple, public access workers who were willing to 
wait, during the weekend, after hours, on their 
own time, for me to drag in with a promo tape and 
they bicycled it up to the master control. I was 

able to contact a producer who started calling me 
continually and saying, "I'm going to give you 
some studio time. You put a show together. Come 
on! This Saturday, this is it! Come on. Do it." And 
the municipal access program manager saying, 
"Let's put a press conference together on the mu- 
nicipal channel. And then let's make it a weekly 
event and whether you're covered or not by the 
media, you're on the municipal channel every 
week and we'll replay you." And then I started 
hearing the voices from the community and the 
public: "I saw you. I saw you on TV. Thank you, 
thank you for fighting for us. We really need that. 
Hey! Our union's on TV." And then I saw the light; I 
saw the light and the rest is history. 

So now to my plea to you. I fight every day. Every 
day there's a battle for the workers. And I'm going 
to ask you, organize us. The same people who 
dragged me, kicking and screaming to public ac- 
cess, I'm asking you to reach out to the Maria 
Rocha' s in the community and drag them to public 
access with the techniques and the skills that 
you've learned and the contacts you've made and 
new innovative ways that you've come up with. 
Grab those union people and drag them to public 
access and organize the environmentalists so that 
they are having an impact and bring in those civil 
rights workers so that they can start partaking in 
this resource.... Organize us so that we can orga- 
nize each other, ourselves. And together, you won- 
derful people and our social movements, together 
we will make social change happen. 

I'm going to say goodbye for now but I hope to 
see all of you again in the trenches, on the battle- 
field, fighting for social change and I'll wave my 
banner at you, "Freedom of Speech." Thank you. ■ 

Herb Schiller 

In his work over many years, Herbert I. Schiller 
has shattered the myth that we Americans live in an 
open society with a free marketplace of ideas. His 
work exposes the enormous role corporations play 
in shaping our culture and communications. 

Herb Schiller is Emeritus Professor of 
Communication at the University of California at 
San Diego. He has lectured widely throughout the 
world and written a number of important books, 
among them Communications and the American 
Empire, The Mind Managers, and Culture Inc.: The 
Corporate Takeover of Public Expression. 

What I think all of us here are aware but which is 
still hardly conscious to the rest of our population 
is the cultural degradation in our society. The 
degradation of the cultural environment Already 
public schools around the country are showing in 
the classes commercials brought to you by a sub- 
sidiary of Time Warner. Another sacred area has 
succumbed and is succumbing across the nation to 
the hucksters right into the classroom itself. You go 
to a museum, a scientific center, and what do you 
see? Corporate logos on exhibits- science brought 
to you by TRW, Rockwell and Exxon. 

Of course, you of all people are familiar with 

10 September/October 1991 CTR 

what happened to the mandate of public non- 
commercial television. There is no such animal 
any longer. First it started very courteously and 
very discreetly and now it's just a rampant com- 
mercialism in our public television. And if you're a 
sports fan, why, you're not watching sports. You're 
just watching the most gargantuan kind of com- 
mercial enterprise that's imaginable. Coca-Cola is 
in there and so are some of the other big ones and 
thereby one enterprise which at one time was an 
actual human enterprise, a creative enterprise, a 
skill enterprise all being co-opted.... That's what 
mean when I talk about corporate despoliation 
and environmental pollution of the cultural field. 

Now in this particular field a very curious para- 
doxical condition exists. We have recognized that 
the First Amendment is our defense for freedom of 
speech; we realize it's still an ideal. We realize all of 
the violations that have occurred. But we still 
struggle and we still feel pretty good that we have a 
First Amendment. But what is observable is this: 
the First Amendment is our amendment, it's a peo- 
ple's amendment, it's for individual's expression, 
has been taken and turned around and interpreted 
through one Supreme Court decision after anoth- 
er, into an amendment that defends what is called 
euphemistically "corporate speech." Sometimes 
they call it "commercial speech." 

When they break up Dan Rather for a commer- 
cial, that's corporate speech. When you go to a 
ballgame, and then you see the billboards, that's 
corporate speech. Under increasing interpreta- 
tions, this corporate speech has been given the 
protection, not yet totally but well on the way, of 
the First Amendment. The First Amendment is 
now being regarded as protecting this kind of 
speech.... You might say, that just broadens it out, 
makes it more democratic. Why limit it to us? Why 
exclude one part of the society? Because this is not 
a broadening. It is a narrowing, a kind of pressing 
inward rather than moving outward. 

And why is that? Well, there are many reasons 
but let me just mention one. It's been alluded to 
here already today. With the new communications 
technology, with the vast networks and the control 
of the networks, with the access to satellites, in or- 
der for the largest dominate voice to be heard it's 
got to be backed up by a tremendous amount of 
funds. And who has the funds? The Fortune 500. So 
with an interpretation that allows corporate 
speech to be regarded as equally secure under the 
First Amendment we find that the voice of the indi- 
vidual creative person, whether a singer, writer, 
journalist, or broadcaster gets pressed to the mar- 
gin and the dominate expression is then presented 
by the corporate interest. 

So I would say at this time not only do we have 
our customary battles, not only do we have the 
book burners and the people who don't like this 
idea or that idea being expressed, the people who 
intimidate librarians for having a book on the shelf. 
We have those, unfortunately, and plenty of them, 
but those battles are relatively visible. But this bat- 
tle has been going on without any real public 

recognition of what has happened and so now you 
see the First Amendment protects us to a degree, 
without romanticizing it against the abuses of the 
government. Government control of information. 
Government intervention, informational dissemi- 

Power in our society has continuously been 
pyramided and concentrated, so that today the 
real power is not in Congress. We know where the 
real decisions are made. But the real threat to our 
society today comes from an area that's not even 
recognized, not even identified. 

And how would it be identified? Who is going to 
call it? Who is going to make the various 
statements? Where is that declaration going to 
come from? So that is our agenda today. To be 
able to recognize the transformations in this soci- 
ety and to be able to contest those transforma- 
tions at a totally new level. Now how do we do 
that? What do we do about this? Well, the very 
first thing is to make it known and ask the ques- 
tion, Now how do we do that? Now all of you over 
the last two or three years have noticed these good 
faith and enormously red, white and blue identifi- 
cations of Phillip Morris with the Bill of Bights, 

There have been all kinds of commercials on 
that. You've seen the founding fathers in wig and 
costume and Phillip Morris saying, "Oh this is our 
Constitution. Let's defend it." And what is the real 
message there? What is the, as they say in aca- 
demic jargon, the subtext? It is our right to give 
you a message any way we like, to induce you to 
kill yourself. That's the message. Because, Phillip 
Morris, we know what they are producing and 
what they are selling but they give us the other 
message, "Let's defend th* Bill of Rights" but 
they're talking about a very different Bill of Rights. 

They are talking about this new interpretation 
which says,"Yes, we have the tight to make any 
kind of a message we like and that's defended un- 
der the Constitution." That doesn't necessarily 
mean we have to say you can't express anything at 
all if you're a corporation but we have to begin to 
be able to make our choices, to make our careful, 
distinguishing points of what is a legitimate mes- 
sage and what is not a legitimate message. 

Wouldn't it be nice to have our political leader- 
ship propose a tax in this society, a tax on adver- 
tising and that tax would be given exclusively to 
independent television workers and groups so 
that they can begin to mount the kind of a rejoin- 
der that at this time goes uriresponded to. But I 
think it's time to allow the creative forces in this 
society to get full expression and to begin to limit 
the forces that themselves, although they like to 
don the garb of openness and freedom and full ex- 
pression, are basically concerned with pressing 
their own partisan interests. 

Well that is our job. To redeem our past. To ex- 
pand our present, and to make the future a little 
bit more tolerable for a truly open creative spirit 
and a full expression which at the present time is 
so narrow, so weak, so attenuated that most of us 
cringe. Thank you. ■ 

* I think It's crucial that we 
use the First Amendment, that 
we use whatever we can to give 
expression and visibility to the 
hate messages that are In our 
society, to expose them to the 
light of day.. .Bring the debate 
Into the light of day and when 
the full supremacist agenda is 
exposed, It won't be accepted. 
When bigotry is exposed, then 
people are challenged to face 
up to it and make some choices 
In an opposite direction. 9 

Bill Wassmuth 
Executive Director, 
Northwest Coalition Against 
Malicious Harassment 
Voices of Democracy Presenter 
at the 1991 Convention 


Unedited videotapes of the 
Voices of Democracy Sympo- 
sium held this summer at the 
national convention are avail- 
able from the national office. 
Included are the four present- 
ers as well as Ghanaian master 
drummer Obo Addy and video 
testimonials with perspectives 
on freedom of speech and de- 
mocracy from people through- 
out the US. 

For more Information, contact 
the NFLCP at PO Box 27290, 
Washington, DC 20038 7290, or 
call (202) 393 2650, 

CTR September/October 1 991 11 

Thanks for the Memories 

Outgoing NFLCP chairperson Sharon Ingraham re- 
ceived the thanks of all for her efforts in seeing the 
organization through rough times the past four years, 
shown at top receiving congratulations from George 
Stoney and below that from Sharon Mooney and T. 
Andrew Lewis. Reginald Carter, center left, was thanked 
for his past efforts at the national office In the absence of 
an executive director, while convention goers had an 
opportunity to screen the new feature film Emma and 
Elvis, which had Access 30 Dayton as its fictional setting, 
and talk with filmmaker Julia Rekhert (center right) 
about the project. Camcorders were prevalent, as evi- 
denced by the one on one interview above between Dee 
Dee Halleck (right) and another attendee. 

The NFLCP is pleased to an- 
nounce the winners in the 
1991 Hometown USA Video 

Each year more and more com- 
munity responsive programming 
is produced and cablecast on ac- 
cess and local origination chan- 
nels, and each year the quantity 
and quality of Hometown entries 

The 1991 Hometown Video 
Festival winners were announced 
July 25 during a special Awards 
Night Ceremony held at the 
Portland Performing Arts Center 
in conjunction with the NFLCP 
National Convention. 

Congratulations Hometown 

Single programs are indicated 
with the A symbol, and series pro- 
gramming with a > . 


A Rob Carver, Rogers Comm. 4/ Vancouver 
East NTV, Your Community Channel, 
Vancouver, BC 


ATed Grady, T-VHUE 3 , Access Net, 
Dayton, OH 


A Laura Hutchens et a!, Miami Valley Cable 
Council, Todd & Laura LIVE at the Alter, 
Centerville, OH 

> Dave Gordon, M iami Valley Cable 
Council, MVCC Promos, Centerville, OH 

A Larry J. Reynolds, Cincinnati Community 

Video, Community Report Rap, 

Cincinnati, OH 

> BillGuandoloetal, Raleigh Cable Access, 
Rob 6 Rill's Talk Show, Raleigh, NC 

AAlanTaffel, Selkirk Communications, 

Kids View Audition Promo, Ft. 

Lauderdale, FL 

> Patrick Bryant, Cox Cable University City, 
Inc., LO. Promotions, 

Gainesville, FL 

> lames J. Donnelly, Whaling City Cable TV 
Parents and Babies, New Bedford, MA 

> lames Lindenberger, Tampa Educational 
Cable Consortium, Best Local 
Origination Promo, Tampa, FL 


A Larry ). Reynolds, Community Report 
Rap, Cincinnati, OH 

> Richard Vision, Rubacher, 
Thirty Minutes, Hercules, CA 


A Kathy Cleaver, Cablevision of 
Boston/Brookline, Censorship, 
Obscenity & Free Speech, BrooMine, MA 

A Maria Kreps, Community Access 
Television, Industry, CA 

A Lauren Mohler et al, Selki rk 
Communications, Broward's Meet The 
Press, FL Lauderdale, FL 

A Bob Sykes, City of Lakewood, 
Crime Stoppers: The Savage Cycle, 

Lakewood, CA 


A Erie Stachon, Multnomah Cable Access, 
Deadly Secrets: Untold Story of Trojan, 

Portland, OR 


A Steve Zeltzer, Labor Video Project, 
Hanging Iron, San Francisco, CA 


A TH Brooks, Cincinnati Community Video, 
Mapplethorpe in Cincinnati, Cincinnati, 


A Ann Balderston-Glynn, Cablevision 
Systems Corp, Unsung Heroes, 


A Chriss Filzen, Metro Cable, Parade with 
the Beast, Minneapolis, MN 


A Joan Phipps, Richmond Public Schools, 
The Answer People #45, Richmond, VA 

> Jan Morrow, Springfield Community 
Access Network, Baking Illinois, 
Springfield, IL 


A Janet E. Chrisdan, Waterford Cable 

Commission, Mot t White- out Day, 

Waterford, MI 

> Shannon Miller et al, GHS-TV, 
Germantown News and Views, 

A Sheldon Gleisser, A.C.T.V, Teller's Ticket, 
Columbus, OH 

> Josh Hali, Channel 23, Altitude Sickness, 
Avon, CO 


A Jim Barrett et al, Cupertino Community 
TV, Laugh Tracks, San Jose, CA 

> Christopher Nielsen, Cable Access SL 
Paul, Nile life, St Paul, MN 


A RickMaultra, TV 16, HoosierHistory/IN 
Greek Immigrants, Indianapolis, IN 

> Eduardo Lopez, Mayor's Office on Latino 
Affairs, linea l)i recta, Washington, DC 


A Barbara A. Wike, Piscataway Community 

TV Center, African-American Women: 

Yesterday et al, Piscataway, NJ 

> Arvindkumar Parikh, Cox Cable, 
This is India, New Orleans, LA 

A Jacqueline Schommer, Tualatin Valley 

Community Access, IVe Got Something 

ToSayJroutdale, OR 
A Craig Bryant, Community Access 

Television, Children Speak, Industry, CA 
A Paul LeValley, Carroll Community 

Television, What Will Happen When I'm 

Gone?, Westminster, MD 

> Linda Lewett, Fairfax County Dept. of 
Consumer Affairs, Consumer Focus, 
Fairfax, VA 

A Ben Davis, Austin Community TV, Mice, 
Men, Machines, Austin, TX 

12 September/October 1991 CTR 

> Elaine Edelman, CSW, Mental Health 
Report W/E. Edelman, Brooklyn, NY 


A Brian K. Murphy, City TV of Santa 
Monica, Berlin Zoo, Santa Monica, CA 

> ErinO'Meara, MA.TA.,"2x4", 
Milwaukee, WI 


A Kathe Duba-Noland, Pasadena Comm. 

Television, Decoupagel with Summer 

Caprice!, Pasadena, CA 

> Kathe Dube-Noland, Pasadena 
Community Television , Decoupage, 
Pasadena, CA 


A Banning Lary, Austin Community TV, 
Childproof: Home Safety Checklist, 
Austin, TX 

> John A. Connell, Cablevision of Long 
Island, The Cable Easel, Hauppauge, NY 


A Celetta Sanders, Arlington Comm. TV, 
Are You Following Me?, McLean, VA 

> Kevin English, SCTV-3, Ten to Bock, 
Staten Island, NY 

A Jorge E. Monzon, Access Sacramento, 
The Flying Samaritans, Sacramento, CA 

> Steve Pierce, Deep Dish TV, Will Be 
Televised; Video Documents, NYC, NY 


A Marcela Kingman, Mnpls. TV Network, 
Chile! ANew Awareness, Wayzata, MN 

> A. Parikh, Cox Cable, This is India, 

New Orleans, LA 


A Laura Hutchens, Miami Valley Cable 
Council, Todd & Laura LIVE at the Alter, 
Centervilie, OH 

> Deborah Pltstic, Dayton Public Schools 
Television, Math Homework Hotline, 
Dayton, OH 


A Glenn Lewis, Fairfax Cable Access, Law 
Weekly, Washington, DC 

> Ken Knlsely, Arlington Community TV, 
No Dogs or Philosophers Allowed, 
Arlington, VA 


> David KiseT, Northwest Community 
Television, Northwest Edition, Brooklyn 
Park, MM 


> Craig Bryant, Community Access 
Television, CAT. News, industry, CA 


> Maurice |, Bresnahan, Continental 
Cablevision, Lead Story, Lawrence, MA 

> Rene Blatte, City of Rochester Hills, 
Rochester Hills Mag., Rochester Hills, Ml 

>Lorna Johnson, Deep Dish TV, 
Greenscreen: Grassroots Views, NY, NY 

> John Richardson, Rogers Community 4, 
Friends & Lovers, Vancouver, BC 


> JesikahRoss, Davis Comm. TV, What's 
With the Women?, Davis, CA 

A -Single Program 
>- Series 

Hometown USR- 

Video FestivaMqqi 


AAJidaThacher, Tualatin Valley Fire & 
Rescue, First In... When Seconds Count, 
Aloha, OR 

> Robin Smith, City/Beverly Hills, Video 
Service DepL, Badge of Safety, Beverly 
Hills, CA 

A John C. Landis, MarysvUle-Planning for 
Your Future, Everett, WA 

> Jim Francis, West Hartford Community 
Television, Inside Town HaU, West 
Hartford, CT 


A Randy Riesen, TCI of Illinois, 

"Sometimes" The Millions, 

ML Prospect, IL 
A Laurel Greenberg, Boston Neighborhood 

Network, Something Missing, Boston 

Network, Brighton, MA 
A Connie Speer et al, Irving Community TV 

Network, Irving Peaks , Irvine, TX 
ATom Spray, TCI Cable, A Dishwasher's 

Daydream, Portland, OR 


Kathryn Grider, SECC, Overall Excellence 

Educational Access, Sacramento, CA 

Linda Price, City of Lakewood, Overall 
Excellence Government, Lakewood, CA 


Paul Wahlstrom, Irving Community 
Television Network, ICTN Demo Tape, 
Irving, TX 


Randy VanDalsen, Access Sacramento, 
Overall Fjccellence Public Access , 

Sacramento, CA 


A Brian K. Murphy, City TV of Santa 
Monica, Berlin Zoo, Santa Monica, CA 

> Jonathan Meltzer, Cablevision of 
Boston/ Brookline, Dance Umbrella 
Presents, Brookline, MA 


A Chris Pitts et al, Bloomfield Community 
Television, lazzmasters: Keepers of the 
Flame, Bloomfield Hills, MI 

> Diana Stagnate, Fairfax Cable Access, 
Rocldt! Rockit!,Occoquan,VA 


A Dorothy Jund etal, City of Coon Rapids, 
Seniors Off Their Rockers, Coon Rapids, 

> Lee Murray, United Cable/Oakland 
County, Senior Focus, Detroit, MI 


A Jacqueline Paul, CenCom, Sharing Is 
Caring, Sausali to, CA 

> Catherine Priskorn, Dearborn Seniors 
Video Club, Senior Glimpses, 
Dearborn, MI 


AAbby Mulligan, George R. Martin School, 
Billy Bat & the Cloud of Lights, 
Seekonk, MA 

> Denise Zaccardi, Community Television 
Network, Hard Cover, Chicago, IL 

A Robin Gee, City of LA/Dept of 

Telecommunications, Walk on the Safe 

Side, Los Angeles, CA 

> Frank Singer, Southfield/Iathrup Cahle 
Commission, S.O.S.-Spotlite on Seniors, 


A Dorothy L. Benner, Continential Cable, 
Something Different-Rocky, Whitman, 

> Catherine Priskorn, Dearborn Seniors 
Video Club, Senior Glimpses, 
Dearborn, MI 


A Jamie Smith, City of Rochester Hills, 
Project Pedestrian, Rochester Hills, MI 

> Brian Aungst, Vision Cable of Pinellas, 
inc., Kids' Place, Clearwater, FL 


A Tames Clements, Continental Cablevision, 
The Firebird, Arlington, MA 

> Claire Mix, do Access Los Altos, The 
Curiosity Stop, Los Gatos Hills, CA 


AAngela Cochran, Multnomah Community 
Television, Girl Scout Rap, Gresham, OR 

> Jennifer Harper, Cox Cable Oklahoma 
City, Opening Night Button Campaign, 
Oklahoma City, OK 


A Deborah Pitstick, Dayton Public Schools 
TV, Chin-Puppet Rap, Dayton, OH 

> Donald larussi, BCTV , Rape Awareness 
PSA's, Brooklyn, NY 


A Cynthia Ramirez, Public Access Center, 
Laredo Today, Laredo, TX 

> Steve Manning, Allen County Public 
Library/ Access Ctr, Contemporary 
Christian Music Videos, Ft. Wayne, IN 


A John M. Lyons, Continential Cablevision, 
Holiday Greetings from Quincy 
Churches, Quincy, MA 

> Harold Scott, Knoxville Community TV, 
Guidelines, KnoxviUe.TN 

> Rev. Bill Bowler, T.C.C.C., Pastors Study, 
Tucson, AZ 

> Anthony Stefanini, Access Bellingham, 
Reach Out, Bellingham, WA 


A Suzanne Peppers, Access Sacramento, 
The Act Games, Sacramento, CA 

> lohn A. Connell, Cablevision of Long 
Island, Cablevision's Long Island Sports 
Network, Hauppauge, NY 


A Kevin Kuethe, Cincinnati Community TV, 

The 1990 Clermont Classic Triathlon, 

Cincinnati, OH 

> Jim Newman, HOM-TV, Meridian 
Magazine Sports, Okemos, MI 

A Liz Engel, Rogers Community 4, 
Vancouver Focus, Vancouver, BC 

> David Dreety,Access-30 Dayton, 
VAN. News, Dayton, OH 


A Ken Knlsely, Arlington Community 

Televison, No Dogs or Philosophers 

Allowed, Arlington, VA 

> Ken Knlsely, Arlington Community TV, 
No Dogs or Philosophers Allowed, 
Arlington, VA 

A Jill Pelzall, Chicago Access Corp., 

November Nine, St. Louis, MO 
A Patricia Leahy, Multnomah Cable Access, 

Escapes II, Gresham, OR 

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